Finca "El Encin" National Ampelographic Collection, E 28800 Alcalá de Henares ( last change : 25.04.2019 11:52:28 )

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Finca "El Encin"
National Ampelographic Collection
Apdo. 127 / Autovía del Noreste A-2 Km 38 2,
E- 28800 Alcalá de Henares
Phone : +34-91-887 94 00    
Email :

THE SPANISH NATIONAL GRAPE COLLECTION is located at El Encín, which is twenty miles east of Madrid at Alcalá de Henares. The El Encín viticulture and enology research facilities here are part of the very large complex of IMIA (, “el Instituto Madrileño de Investigación Agraria y Alimentaria (IMIA),” or the Madrid Research Institute of Agriculture and Food. El Encín is its main research station. IMIA conducts research into many aspects of agriculture, food and food quality, horticulture, soil science, ecology, and forestry. The entire facility consists of 1,200 ha. The Spanish national department of Agriculture and Food (INIA) assists with the grape program within IMIA at El Encín. The grapevine repository at El Encín consists of selections from all the regions of Spain, so it is indeed a national collection. It includes 2,726 accessions of rootstocks, hybrids, French hybrids, wine grapes, and table grapes. These are planted on 24 ha. Another 100 ha are used to evaluate varieties and clones. The entire facility is used for both research and education.

The El Encín property also includes an ecology habitat, with over 100 species of trees planted in a large forest, numerous bird and animal species, as well as model fruit and vegetable gardens for the young students’ agricultural education. The name “El Encín” comes from the name for a live oak tree (el encino). It is called “Finca El Encín,” with “finca” meaning a farm or estate. It was originally a monastery, then a private estate. It was established as a national research facility in 1941. In 1954, the first collection of wine grape varieties for the Madrid area was established by INIA at El Encín. In 1984 the Spanish ampelography collections were assembled there into one national collection.



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